Central Arizona College Title IX
What is Title IX?
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex (gender) in educational programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance. Central Arizona College is committed to providing an environment free of discrimination on the basis of sex (gender), including sexual harassment, sexual misconduct, sexual assault, relationship (dating and domestic) violence, and stalking. Central Arizona College provides resources and reporting options to students, faculty, and staff to address concerns related to sexual harassment and sexual violence prohibited by Title IX and college policy.
Central Arizona College (CAC) is committed to eliminating sexual harassment and sexual violence. Spring semesters, we submitted a Sexual Assault-Conduct and Campus Climate Survey. The survey is designed with the purpose of assessing the knowledge, perceptions, and experience of CAC students in relation to sexual assault, other sexual misconduct, dating or domestic violence, stalking and other conduct that creates a sexually hostile environment. The office of Institutional Research administered the survey between May 10 and May 25. Which will allow for the Office of Title IX Compliance to prepare strategic goals related to Title IX.
Policies, Laws and Regulations
Central Arizona College affirms its commitment to promote the goals of fairness and equity in all aspects of the educational enterprise. All policies below are subject to resolution using the College’s Equity Resolution Team (ERP). When the responding party is a member of the College community, the ERP is applicable regardless of the status of the reporting party who may be a member or non-member of the campus community, including students, student organizations, faculty, administrators, staff, guests, visitors, campers, etc.
The Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act (“VAWA”)
Facts and Questions
What conduct is prohibited by Title IX?
Title IX prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender (sex). Title IX prohibited conduct includes sexual harassment, sexual assault, sexual misconduct, relationship (dating or domestic) violence, intimate partner violence (IPV), cybercrimes (bullying, harassing) and stalking.
Where can I learn more about the Student Title IX Process?
You can learn more by contacting the Title IX Office at (520) 494-6456 or TitleIX@centralaz.edu
How does someone report a TIX Assault to Central Arizona College?
CAC students now have two options for reporting incidents of sexual or relationship violence to the Title IX office. They can utilize these two online forms to assist: Incident Reporting Form and Harassment, Discrimination, and Retaliation Complaint Form.
The above listed forms are an online platform that allows you to document your experience with unwanted sexual conduct or relationship violence, time-stamp it in a secure web environment, and choose whether and when to submit it to CAC as a formal report.
Students who have decided that they want to submit a formal report and all faculty and employees who are mandated reporters of incidents of sexual violence and harassment should contact Cecilia Quiroz Title IX Coordinator at TitleIX@centralaz.edu or (520) 494-6456.
Reports emailed to the Title IX Office should include the following information if known (and don’t worry if you don’t have all of this information as is often the case):
• Your name
• Name of accused student
• Approximate date and time that assault occurred
• Where assault occurred
• What happened (or what you think happened if you were asleep or incapacitated)
• Whether you are asking for immediate help from the Title IX Office such as:
• A no contact order
• Housing accommodations
• Academic accommodations
Who can a student contact if he or she wants to discuss a Title IX related concern in a confidential manner?
Confidential consultations about sexual harassment, sexual assault, sexual misconduct, relationship (dating and domestic) violence and stalking are available from persons who, by law, have special professional status (mental health professionals and clergy). A CAC student may contact the following offices for confidential advice and help:
Title IX Coordinator Office
Cecilia L. Quiroz
Against Abuse, Inc.
Casa Grande, AZ
Resource listing for:
Serving women and children
24 hour crisis line
Community Alliance Against Family Abuse (CAAFA)
Apache Junction, AZ
Resource listing for:
comprehensive victim services/emergency/shelter
Horizon Human Services
Casa Grande, AZ
Resource listing for:
Pinal County Domestic Violence Coalition
Casa Grande, AZ
Resource listing for:
Pinal County Resources for Domestic Violence
Resource listing for:
courts/counseling/shelters/safe houses/information resources/legal services/orders of protection/injunctions against harassment/victim services
What are CAC’s obligations when it has notice of a Title IX related incident?
If CAC knows or in the exercise of reasonable care should know about student-on-student sexual harassment including sexual violence that creates a hostile environment, Title IX requires the College to take immediate and appropriate steps to investigate or otherwise determine what occurred (subject to confidentiality considerations). If an investigation reveals that sexual harassment including sexual violence created a hostile environment, the College must then take prompt and effective steps reasonably calculated to end the sexual harassment or sexual violence, prevent its recurrence and, as appropriate, remedy its effects on the victim and College community.
What is the purpose of the Student Title IX Process?
The purpose of a Title IX investigation pursuant to CAC’s Title IX Investigation and Hearing Process is to determine:
Whether or not Prohibited Conduct has occurred; Whether there is an ongoing risk of harm from further Prohibited Conduct and, if so, what steps are necessary to prevent its recurrence; Whether accommodations for the Reporting party need to be put in place to redress the effects of Prohibited Conduct; Whether accommodations or safety measures should be put in place to ensure the safety of the community; Whether the conduct warrants a Hearing by the Equity Resolution Processing team for discipline; an Whether any changes to policies, practices or training should be considered and implemented.
Who can a student contact if he or she has been accused of Title IX prohibited conduct?
A student who has been accused of Title IX prohibited conduct can contact the Dean of Students, a Residence Director, or the Title IX office. Confidential support also is available from community resources through the Title IX office.
What are the reporting obligations of residential staff (RA) when they have notice and/or receive a report of a Title IX related incident?
All Central Arizona College employees, including student staff, must report all Title IX related concerns to their Residence Director. The Residence Director will then promptly notify the Title IX Coordinator of the incident and meet with the Reporting Party to assist with immediate safety measures and other necessary and appropriate interim measures (e.g., housing, academic) in consultation with the Title IX Coordinator.
What if the Reporting party requests confidentiality?
If a reporting party requests to remain confidential, CAC will give serious consideration to that request. Only in rare circumstances will CAC proceed to a Title IX investigation against the wishes of the reporting party. Generally, CAC will seek to honor the request of the reporting party not to proceed to a Title IX investigation and to remain confidential and will not proceed to a formal Title IX investigation without the consent of the reporting party. The Title IX Coordinator will consider a number of factors in deciding whether the request can be honored, including the age of the Reporting party, whether there is evidence of a pattern of misconduct, the severity of the misconduct, and whether there is a safety risk to the Reporting party or to the CAC community. Should CAC, in weighing such factors, determine it must proceed, CAC will explain its rationale to the Reporting party and make sure that the Reporting party is offered a support person throughout the process. The Reporting party will not be required to participate in the process as a prerequisite to CAC’s proceeding.
What safety measures and accommodations are available to a student when he or she reports a Title IX related incident?
measures in place to ensure a safe, hostile free environment for the student. Following an investigation and a determination that conduct prohibited by Title IX occurred, more permanent accommodations and safety measures may be implemented. Accommodations and safety measures (including interim measures) could include:
Housing accommodations External Counseling services Academic accommodations
No contact or order of protection letters
Limitation on extracurricular or athletic activities
Removal from CAC community
Other appropriate actions as necessary
Who can a student contact to ask that one or more of these safety measures and/or accommodations are put in place?
A CAC student may contact the Dean of Students, a Residence Director, RA’s and/or the Title IX office.
How can a member of the community make a complaint to the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) of the Department of Education when a community member believes that CAC has not followed Title IX?
For more information on your rights to submit a Title IX Discrimination Complaint, please review the information provided by OCR.
How does Title IX apply to pregnant or parenting students?
Classifications based on pregnancy1 are a form of sex discrimination, and Title IXs implementing regulations make it clear that schools may not exclude pregnant or parenting students from any educational program or otherwise discriminate against them2 . The regulations specifically prohibit “apply[ing] any rule concerning a student’s actual or potential parental, family, or marital status which treats students differently on the basis of sex3 ”. The regulation requirements assure equitable treatment of pregnant and parenting students.
(1) 20 U.S.C. § 1681(a); (2) 34 C.F.R. § 106.40(b) (1); (3) 34 C.F.R. § 106.40(a)
Your professors or administrators should not tell you that you have to drop out of your classes or program or change your educational plans due to your pregnancy.
Does my school have to excuse my absences due to pregnancy, childbirth, or abortion?
Your school must excuse your absences due to pregnancy or any related conditions for as long as your doctor says it is necessary for you to be absent. This is true even if there is no leave policy for students with other conditions. When you return to school, you must be reinstated to the status you held before your leave. The school can require you to submit a doctor’s note only if that is required of students with other medical conditions.
My professor adjusts grades based on class attendance. Can she lower my grade because of the classes I miss?
You cannot be penalized for pregnancy or other related conditions. If a professor provides specific “points” or other advantages to students based on class.
Where do I start to figure out whether or not my school is violating Title IX?
- A good first step in measuring your school’s compliance is to compare how they treat pregnant students to how they treat students with other temporary disabilities. Under Title IX, schools must offer pregnant students the same benefits they offer to students with other temporary medical conditions.
- One exception to this rule is absences – Title IX requires that schools excuse absences due to pregnancy and related conditions, regardless of the school’s absence policy.
- Your school is required to designate a Title IX Coordinator who should be able to answer questions for you about Title IX and pregnancy.
- Some states and school districts have their own laws that provide other protections, or even support services, for students. You should talk to a lawyer to find out what policies apply in your area.
Attendance, you must be given the opportunity to earn back the credit from classes you miss due to pregnancy, so that you can be reinstated to the status you held before you took leave.
Does my school have to let me make up the work I missed while I was absent?
Yes, your school must let you make up the work you missed while you were out due to pregnancy or any related conditions, including recovery from childbirth.
For example, if you have a doctor’s note that excuses you from class for several weeks because you were on “bed rest” before giving birth, your school has to provide you with the appropriate assignments and information to make up all of the work you would have been required to complete while you were out. For an extended absence, it is best if your school provides you with the work you miss regularly, so you do not fall far behind.
But what if my school says that absence or make-up work policies are up to each individual professor?
While that may be the school’s practice, the school administration and professors are bound by federal civil rights law. Title IX requires that schools ensure that all faculty and staff comply with the law and do not discriminate against pregnant and parenting students. An individual professor’s policy is not okay if it breaks the law.
CAC will ensure that the policies and practices of individual faculty are aligned with Title IX regulations and do not discriminate against pregnant students
Pregnant and Childbirth Excused Absence Form
Does my school have to provide special academic services to me, like tutoring?
Title IX requires that schools provide pregnant students with any special services they provide to students with temporary disabilities. If students with temporary disabilities get at-home tutoring to help them keep up with work they miss when absent, the school must provide students who miss class because of pregnancy or childbirth with the same benefit.
Classmates and even professors have made offensive comments to me about my pregnancy. Should I complain to the school about it?
Title IX requires schools to prevent and address sex-based harassment, including harassment based on pregnancy. If you experience this sort of treatment at school, you should seek help immediately. The law prohibits the school from retaliating against you for making a complaint or raising a concern.
I have a scholarship – can my school take it back when they find out I am pregnant?
No, schools cannot terminate or reduce athletic, merit, or need-based scholarships based on pregnancy. If you stay in school, you can keep your scholarship.
Do these requirements apply to male students?
The Office of Civil rights recommends that colleges be mindful of male students who are parenting and consider allowing excused absences to take their children to doctor’s appointments or to take care of their sick children.
I want to return to school 3 days after I have the baby, so I don’t fall too far behind, but my department head thinks I should take more time off to recover. What should I do?
Your school must leave it up to you and your doctor to decide when you can return. While the school must offer to excuse more leave than that (under Title IX your absence must be excused for as long as your doctor says is medically necessary), no one can force you to take more leave just because they think it would be better for you (or your baby). In addition, the school cannot have a rule that prohibits students from returning to classes for a set period of time after childbirth.
For questions and / or any concerns, please contact the Title IX Coordinator,
Cecilia Quiroz 520-494-6456 or email@example.com.
Information from National Women’s Law Center www.nwlc.org.